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- Full title: RELG: WORLD, 4th Edition
- Edition: 4th
- Copyright year: 2020
- Publisher: Cengage Learning
- Author: Robert E. Van Voorst
- ISBN: 9781337405041, 9781337671866
- Format: PDF
Description of RELG: WORLD, 4th Edition:
Encounter religions from around the world with RELG: World, 4th Edition and undertake a fascinating journey as you explore the belief systems that have shaped the political, social and cultural aspects of societies throughout history. Through ongoing research into students’ learning needs and study preferences, RELG: WORLD, 4th Edition from 4LTR Press is an easy-reference textbook that presents course content through visually engaging chapters. 4LTR Press solutions give students the option to choose the format that best suits their learning preferences. This option is perfect for those students who focus on the textbook as their main course resource.Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Table of Contents of RELG: WORLD, 4th Edition PDF ebook:
IBCBrief ContentsContentsChapter 1: Beginning Your Study of World ReligionsYour Visit to the Hsi Lai Temple in Southern California1-1 Coming to Grips with Your Preunderstanding of Religion1-2 What Is Religion?1-2a Defining Religion1-2b Notable Definitions of Religion1-2c The Definition Used in This Book1-3 Why Study Religion?A Closer Look: Is Religion a Dirty Word?1-3a Studying the Persistence of Religion in the Modern World1-3b What the Academic Study of Religion Can Offer You1-4 Dimensions of Religion1-4a The Cognitive Dimension1-4b The Ethical Dimension1-4c The Ritual Dimension1-4d The Institutional Dimension1-4e The Aesthetic Dimension1-4f The Emotional Dimension1-5 Ways of Studying Religion1-5a Theology and Religious Studies1-5b History1-5c Psychology1-5d Sociology1-5e Cultural AnthropologyA Closer Look: Why Are Women More -Religious than Men?1-5f Women’s Studies1-5g Biology1-5h Conclusions about Methods of Studying Religion1-6 Special Issues in the Study of Religion Today1-6a Tolerance and Intolerance1-6b Violence1-6c Pluralism1-6d Religion and Ecological CrisisA Closer Look: Statement on Pluralism by Harvard University’s Pluralism Project1-6e New Religious MovementsChapter 2: Encountering Indigenous Religions: Ways to Tribal LifeYour Visit to the Petroglyph National Monument, New Mexico2-1 Names for This Type of Religion2-1a Traditional Religion2-1b Primitive Religion2-1c Animism and Totemism2-1d Manaism2-1e Shamanism2-1f Small-Scale Religions2-1g Nature Religion2-1h Indigenous ReligionsA Closer Look: Totemism in the Twilight Series2-2 Challenges to Study2-2a Lack of Written Sources2-2b Difficulty Discerning Continuity and Discontinuity2-2c Mainstream Guilt2-2d Misrepresentations in Popular Culture2-2e Misuse of Indigenous Rituals2-3 Common Features of Indigenous Religions2-3a The Importance of PlaceA Closer Look: Movements toward Indigenous Unity2-3b Global Distribution2-3c Many Gods and Spirits2-3d Influenced by Other Cultures2-3e Based on Orality, Story, and Myth2-3f Oriented More toward Practice Than to Belief2-3g In-Group Based2-3h The Goodness of the World2-3i The Role of Religious Specialists2-3j Continuing Vitality2-4 A Native American Religion: Lakota2-4a Name and Location2-4b Basic Features of Lakota Religion2-4c Lakota Rituals2-4d Lakota Culture and Religion: Decline and Signs of Revival2-5 An African Religion: Yoruba2-5a High God and Other GodsA Closer Look: Polynesian Religion in Hawaii2-5b Religious Specialists2-5c Spirits of the Ancestors2-6 An Afro-Caribbean Religion: Vodou2-6a Location and Name2-6b Divinities2-6c Groups2-6d Worship2-6e Spell and Counter-Spell Rituals2-6f Political Influence in HaitiChapter 3: Encountering Hinduism: Many Paths to LiberationYour Visit to Varanasi, India3-1 The Name Hinduism3-2 The Hindu Present as Shaped by Its Past3-2a The Vedic Period (1500-600 B.C.E.)A Closer Look: The Symbols of Hinduism3-2b The Upanishadic Period (600-400 B.C.E.)3-2c The Classical Period (400 B.C.E.-600 C.E.)3-2d The Devotional Period (600 C.E.-Present)3-3 Essential Hindu Teachings3-3a Main Deities in the Three Devotional Movements3-3b Hindu Doctrinal ConceptsA Closer Look: Popular Misunderstandings of Karma, Mantra, Guru, and Avatar3-4 Hindu Ethics and Ways of Life3-4a The Caste System3-4b The Four Stages of a Man’s Life3-4c The Four Goals of Life3-4d The Lives of Hindu WomenA Closer Look: Hindu Dress3-5 Hindu Ritual and Meditation3-5a Images3-5b Worship in the Temple and the Home3-5c Pilgrimage3-5d Festivals and Holidays3-5e Funerals3-5f Yoga3-6 Hinduism around the World TodayA Closer Look: Hindu Faith and Indian Food3-6a Hinduism in South Asia and Africa3-6b Hinduism in the West3-6c Hindu Migration and Life in North AmericaChapter 4: Encountering Jainism: The Austere Way to LiberationYour Visit with Jain Nuns4-1 The Name Jainism4-2 The Jain Present as Shaped by Its Past4-2a Founding and the First Thousand Years (600 B.C.E.-ca. 400 C.E.)A Closer Look: The Symbol of Jainism4-2b The Next Thousand Years (600-1600)4-2c Early Modern Times through Today (1600-Present)4-3 Essential Jain Teachings4-3a No Gods4-3b Time and the World4-3c Jiva and Ajiva4-3d Karma and Liberation4-3e Theories of Knowledge4-4 Ethics: The Five Cardinal Virtues4-4a Do No Harm; Speak the TruthA Closer Look: Jainism and Food4-4b Do Not Steal; Do Not Be Possessive4-4c Be Chaste4-5 Jain Ritual and Worship4-5a The Life of Monks and Nuns4-5b Life of the Laity in Worship and Devotion4-5c Jain Funerals4-5d Two Jain Festivals4-6 Jainism around the World Today4-6a Jainism in the West4-6b Jainism in North AmericaChapter 5: Encountering Buddhism: The Middle Path to LiberationYour Visit to a Zen Retreat Center5-1 The Name BuddhismA Closer Look: The Symbol of Buddhism5-2 Buddhism Today as Shaped by Its Past5-2a Gautama’s Road to Enlightenment5-2b Achievement of Enlightenment5-2c India, Sri Lanka, and Theravada5-2d The Rise of Mahayana: China and Japan5-2e Tibet and the Diamond VehicleA Closer Look: Koans5-3 Essential Buddhist Teachings5-3a The Four Noble TruthsA Closer Look: Popular Misunderstandings of Karma, Nirvana, and Zen5-3b The Noble Eightfold Path5-3c The Three Characteristics of Existence5-4 Buddhist Ethics for Monastics and Laypeople5-4a General Buddhist Morality5-4b The Five Precepts5-4c Other Precepts and Moral Rules5-5 Buddhist Ritual and MeditationA Closer Look: Buddhist Monastic Dress5-5a Temples5-5b Images of the Buddha5-5c Prayer and Meditation5-5d Protective Rituals5-5e Funeral Rituals5-6 Buddhism around the World Today5-6a Buddhism in Modern Asia5-6b Buddhism Comes to the Western World5-6c Early Buddhist Immigration to North America5-6d The Next Wave of Buddhist ImmigrationA Closer Look: Stealing Buddha’s Dinner: A Memoir5-6e ConclusionChapter 6: Encountering Sikhism: The Way of God’s NameYour Visit to a Gurdwara6-1 The Name SikhismA Closer Look: The Symbol of Sikhism6-2 Sikhism Today as Shaped by Its Past: Two Key Periods6-2a The Ten Gurus6-2b Sikhism from British Rule until Today6-3 Essential Sikh TeachingsA Closer Look: Sikh Dress6-3a The One God6-3b Devotion to God6-4 Key Sikh Ethics6-4a Rejection of Hindu Caste6-4b Other Moral Rules6-5 Sikh Rituals and Worship6-5a The Gurdwara6-5b The Langar6-5c Sikh Life-Cycle Rituals from Birth to Death6-5d Other Festivals6-6 Sikhism around the World Today6-6a The Sikh Diaspora6-6b The First Wave of Immigration to North America (1900-1940)6-6c Second and Third Waves to North America (1965-Present)6-6d Sikhism in Post-9/11 AmericaChapter 7: Encountering Daoism and Confucianism: Two Views of the Eternal WayYour Visit to the Forbidden City in Beijing, China7-1 The Names Daoism and ConfucianismA Closer Look: The Symbols of Daoism and Confucianism7-2 Daoism and Confucianism Today as Shaped by Their Past7-2a China before the Rise of Daoism and Confucianism (ca. 3000-500 B.C.E.)7-2b The Origins of Daoism (ca. 500 B.C.E.-200 C.E.)7-2c Daoism from 200 C.E. to 1664 C.E.7-2d The Near-Destruction and Revival of Daoism (1644-1980)7-2e Confucius and the Origins of Confucianism (551-479 B.C.E.)7-2f The Rise of Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism (ca. 350 B.C.E.-1200 C.E.)A Closer Look: The Confucian Four Books7-2g The Modern Period of Daoism and Confucianism (1912-Present)7-3 Essential Daoist and Confucian TeachingsA Closer Look: Confucianism Returns to China7-3a Ancient Teachings Common to Daoism and Confucianism7-3b Daoist Teachings on the Dao7-3c Traditional Daoist Deities7-3d Daoist Teaching of Wu Wei7-3e Daoist Views of Qi7-3f The Daoist Quest for Immortality7-3g Confucian Reformulations of Ancient Teachings7-4 Daoist and Confucian EthicsA Closer Look: A Famous Conversation between Confucius and Laozi7-4a Daoist Ethics7-4b Confucian EthicsA Closer Look: Religion or Philosophy?7-5 Ritual and Worship7-5a Daoist Temples and Worship7-5b Confucian Temples and Worship7-5c The Traditional Chinese Funeral7-5d A Final Comparison of Daoism and Confucianism7-6 Daoism and Confucianism around the World Today7-6a Daoism and Confucianism in the West7-6b Confucianism in North America7-6c Daoism in North AmericaChapter 8: Encountering Shinto: The Way of the KamiYour Visit to the Tsubaki Shinto Shrine in Granite Falls, Washington8-1 Names8-2 The Shinto Present as Shaped by Its PastA Closer Look: The Symbol of Shinto8-2a Before the Arrival of Buddhism (upto 600 C.E.)8-2b Shinto and Buddhism Together in Japan (600-1850)8-2c The Meiji Period (1850-1945)A Closer Look: The Yasukuni Shrine Today8-2d Shinto in Recent Times (1945-Present)8-3 Shinto Teachings8-3a The Kami8-3b Characteristics of Other Shinto Teachings8-4 Shinto Ethics8-4a General Characteristics8-4b Purity8-5 Shinto Ritual8-5a The Shinto ShrineA Closer Look: A Shinto Prayer for the Blessing of the Crops8-5b The Shinto Priesthood8-5c Prayer Plaques and Fortunes8-5d The Wedding Ceremony8-5e The Home Shrine8-5f The Shinto Funeral8-6 Shinto around the World TodayChapter 9: Encountering Zoroastrianism: The Way of the One Wise LordYour Visit to Yazd, Iran9-1 Names for Zoroastrianism and ZoroastriansA Closer Look: The Symbol of Zoroastrianism9-2 Zoroastrianism as Shaped by Its Past9-2a The Birth of Zoroastrianism (ca. 630-550 B.C.E.)9-2b The Spread of Zoroastrianism in the Persian and Sassanian Empires (550 B.C.E.?650 C.E.)9-2c The Coming of Islam and the Zoroastrian Dispersion (650 C.E.?Present)A Closer Look: The Zoroastrian Creed9-3 Essential Zoroastrian Teachings: Monotheism and Moral Dualism9-3a The One God, Ahura Mazda9-3b The Spirit of Destruction, Angra Mainyu9-3c Moral Dualism9-3d Supernatural Intermediaries9-3e Judgment and the Final Victory of Ahura Mazda9-4 Zoroastrian Ethics9-4a Zoroastrian General Morality9-4b A Current Ethical and Social Issue: Marriage and Children9-5 Zoroastrian Rituals9-5a Fires in the Fire Temple9-5b Interior Plan of the Fire Temple9-5c Priesthood9-5d Worship9-5e Other Rituals9-5f Funeral Rituals9-6 Zoroastrianism around the World TodayChapter 10: Encountering Judaism: The Way of God’s PeopleYour Visit to the Western Wall in Jerusalem10-1 The Name Judaism and Related TermsA Closer Look: Symbols of Judaism10-2 The Jewish Present as Shaped by Its Past10-2a From the Creation to Abraham (ca. 2000 B.C.E.)10-2b The Emergence of Ancient Israel (ca. 1200-950 B.C.E.)10-2c The First Temple Period (950-586 B.C.E.)10-2d The Second Temple Period (539 B.C.E.-70 C.E.)10-2e Revolts and Rabbis (70 C.E.-ca. 650)10-2f Jews under Islamic and Christian Rule (ca. 650-1800)A Closer Look: Kabbalah10-2g Emancipation and Diversity (1800-1932)10-2h The Holocaust and Its Aftermath (1932-Present)10-3 Essential Teachings of Judaism10-3a Foundation of Jewish Teachings: The Tanak10-3b One God10-3c The Jews as God’s Chosen People10-3d Life after Death?10-4 Essential Jewish Ethics10-4a Humans in the Image of God10-4b The Torah10-4c General Jewish Ethics10-4d Modern Jewish Ethics10-5 Jewish Worship and Ritual10-5a Worship in the Synagogue10-5b The Sabbath10-5c Jewish Annual Festivals10-5d Kosher Food10-5e Circumcision, the Sign of the Covenant10-5f Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah10-5g Marriage10-5h Funeral Rituals10-6 Judaism around the World Today10-6a Judaism in Israel10-6b Judaism in North AmericaChapter 11: Encountering Christianity: The Way of Jesus ChristYour Visit to St. Peter’s in Rome11-1 Names11-2 The Christian Present as Shaped by Its Past11-2a The Life, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ (ca. 4 B.C.E.-30 C.E.)A Closer Look: Symbols of Christianity11-2b The Earliest Church (30-100 C.E.)11-2c The Ancient Period (100-500 C.E.)11-2d Byzantine, Medieval, and Renaissance Christianity (500-1500)11-2e Reformation in the Western Church (1500-1600)11-2f The Early Modern Period (1600-1900)11-2g Modern Christianity (1900-Present)11-3 Christian Teachings as Reflected in the Nicene Creed11-3a God the FatherA Closer Look: The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, 381 C.E.11-3b God the Son11-3c God the Holy SpiritA Closer Look: The Doctrine of the Virgin Mary11-3d The Conclusion of the Nicene Creed: Church, Baptism, and Christian Hope11-4 Christian Ethics: Following the Way of Jesus Christ11-4a Foundations in the Ten Commandments, the Sermon on the Mount, and the Letters of Paul11-4b The Enactment of Moral Life in the Church11-4c Moral Dimensions of Liberation Movements11-5 Christian Worship and Ritual11-5a Foundations of Christian Worship11-5b The Liturgical Year11-5c The Christian Funeral11-6 Christianity around the World Today11-6a Christianity in the Global South11-6b Changes in the Catholic Church under Pope Francis11-6c Christianity in North America11-6d The Different Churches in the United States: Roman Catholic and ProtestantChapter 12: Encountering Islam: The Straight Path of the One GodYour Visit to Mecca12-1 The Name Islam12-2 Islam Today as Shaped by Its Past12-2a Arabia at the Time of Muhammad (500s C.E.)12-2b The Life and Work of Muhammad (ca. 570-632)A Closer Look: The Symbol of Islam?12-2c Islam Immediately Following the Death of Muhammad (632-661)12-2d Islam from the Umayyads until Today (661-Present)12-2e Diverse Muslim Groups Today: Mainstream, Zealous, and ModerateA Closer Look: Islamic Fundamentalism?12-3 Essential Islamic Teachings12-3a God Is One12-3b Angels and Spirits12-3c The Qur’an12-3d Prophets12-3e People of the Book: Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians12-3f Final Judgment12-4 Islamic Ethics12-4a The Hadith12-4b Shari’a12-4c Diet and Other Regulations12-4d Marriage and the Status of WomenA Closer Look: Muslim Dress for Women and Men12-4e Jihad12-5 Worship and Ritual: The Five Pillars of Islam12-5a Confession of Faith12-5b Prayer12-5c Fasting12-5d Almsgiving12-5e Pilgrimage12-5f The Muslim Funeral12-6 Islam around the World Today12-6a Islam in Europe12-6b Muslim Migration to North AmericaA Closer Look: Muslim Views of Islamic-Western ConflictChapter 13: Encountering New Religious Movements: Modern Ways to Alternative MeaningsYour Visit to Temple Square, Salt Lake City, Utah13-1 Names for This Type of Religion13-2 Common Features of New Religious Movements13-3 New Religious Movements in the World Today: A Survey13-3a NRMs in the Western World13-3b Asian NRMs in the West13-3c Scientific NRMs: Christian Science and UFO Groups13-3d Nature NRMs: Neo-Paganism, Wicca, and DruidryA Closer Look: Druidry Gains Official Status13-3e NRMs in Asia13-4 An NRM from Asia: Falun Gong13-4a History13-4b Teaching and Practice13-5 A North American NRM: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints13-5a History13-5b Scripture13-5c Teachings13-5d Institutions, Practices, and Structure of the LDS Church13-6 A North American NRM: The Nation of Islam13-7 The Church of Scientology13-7a L. Ron Hubbard’s Life and Teachings13-7b Organization of the ChurchA Closer Look: Scientology and Celebrities13-7c Controversy and Present StatusEndnotesIndex