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- Full title: Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science, 6th Edition
- Edition: 6th
- Copyright year: 2020
- Publisher: Cengage Learning
- Author: Richard R. Carlton; Arlene M. Adler; Vesna Balac
- ISBN: 9781337711067, 9781337673204
- Format: PDF
Description of Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science, 6th Edition:
Do you have a mind for technology and a heart for helping others? Then a career in radiography is for you! PRINCIPLES OF RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGING: AN ART AND A SCIENCE, 6th Edition prepares you for work as a radiologist assistant, radiologic technologist, ultrasound tech, CT and MRI tech, and other health care imaging roles. Reader-friendly with step-by-step guidance, this book was created for busy, career-minded students like you. Chapters move at your pace, delivering basic math and physics first, then exploring job-related skills. Learn to create the imaging beam, run scans and tests, and analyze images–everything you need to pass accreditation exams. And with updates on digital radiography systems, digital exposure factors, instrumentation and so much more, you’ll be ready to compete for top imaging jobs in hospitals, emergency rooms, and modern health care settings.Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Table of Contents of Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science, 6th Edition PDF ebook:
Title PageCopyright PageDedicationThe Founders of RadiographyContentsList of TablesForewordPrefaceAbout the AuthorsAcknowledgmentsUnit I: Creating the BeamCHAPTER 1: Basic MathematicsThe Language of ScienceArithmeticAlgebraUnits of MeasurementCHAPTER 2: Radiation ConceptsMatter And EnergyAtomic TheoryTypes of EnergyElectromagnetic SpectrumThe Discovery of X-RaysX-Ray PropertiesCHAPTER 3: ElectricityUnderstanding ElectricityElectrostaticsElectrodynamicsSeries and Parallel CircuitsCHAPTER 4: ElectromagnetismMagnetismElectromagnetismSolenoids and ElectromagnetsControlling Electrical CurrentRectificationCHAPTER 5: The X-Ray TubeThe X-Ray TubeThe Cathode AssemblyThe Anode AssemblyThe EnvelopeProtective HousingRating Charts and Cooling CurvesRecommendations for Extending Tube LifeCHAPTER 6: X-Ray EquipmentTypes of X-Ray EquipmentPower for X-Ray GenerationA Basic X-Ray CircuitGeneratorsAutomatic Exposure ControlsCHAPTER 7: Automatic Exposure ControlsHistorical NotesIonization ChambersPositioning SkillsCHAPTER 8: X-Ray ProductionConditionsTarget InteractionsEmission SpectrumUnit II: Protecting Patients and PersonnelCHAPTER 9: Radiation Protection Concepts and EquipmentThe Basics of Radiation Protection Principles and PracticeQuantities and Units Relevant to Radiation ProtectionDetection and Measurement of Ionizing RadiationCHAPTER 10: Radiation Protection Procedures for Patients and PersonnelAdvisory Groups and Regulatory AgenciesLimiting Exposure to Ionizing RadiationProtection of PersonnelProtection of the PatientRadiation Exposure and PregnancyCHAPTER 11: FiltrationFiltrationMeasurementTypes of FiltrationEffect on OutputCHAPTER 12: The Prime FactorsThe Prime FactorsMilliamperage-SecondKilovoltageDistanceImage Quality FactorsCHAPTER 13: X-Ray InteractionsX-Ray Interaction with MatterPhotoelectric AbsorptionCoherent ScatteringCompton ScatteringPair ProductionPhotodisintegrationEffect on Technical Factor SelectionCHAPTER 14: Minimizing Patient ExposureChoosing Exposure FactorsEstimating Approximate Entrance Skin ExposureTypical Entrance Skin ExposureReducing Patient Dose with CommunicationReducing Patient Dose with PositioningReducing Patient Dose with Technical FactorsDiscussing Radiation Risk Versus Benefit with PatientsCHAPTER 15: Beam RestrictionControlling ScatterBeam RestrictorsAncillary DevicesUnit III: Creating the ImageCHAPTER 16: Vision and PerceptionImage PerceptionControlling the Image in SpaceRadiography as an Art FormCHAPTER 17: The Patient as a Beam EmitterAttenuationThe Human Body as an AttenuatorThe Patient’s Relationship to Image QualityPathology and Radiation AbsorptionIncreased Attenuation (Additive) ConditionsDecreased Attenuation (Destructive) ConditionsCHAPTER 18: The GridPurpose of the GridGrid ConstructionGrid PatternsGrid TypesGrid UsesGrid Selection/ConversionsGrid Performance EvaluationGrid ErrorsAn Alternate Scatter Reduction MethodThe Air-Gap TechniqueUse of Grids with Digital Image ReceptorsCHAPTER 19: Film and Screens Imaging and ProcessingRadiographic FilmConstruction of Radiographic FilmLatent Image FormationTypes of FilmFilm Storage and HandlingFilm IdentificationFilm ProcessingDevelopingFixingArchivingDarkroomSilver Recovery SystemsSensitometrySensitometric EquipmentThe D Log E CurveFilm CharacteristicsIntensifying ScreensConstruction of Intensifying ScreensPhosphorsCharacteristics of Intensifying ScreensCassettes and HoldersCareEmission SpectraChracteristics of Film-Screen CombinationsUnit IV: Digital Radiography IntroductionChapter 20: Digital Image ProcessingHistorical DevelopmentDigital Image FormationImage Processing OperationsDigital Image QualityReceptor ExposureChapter 21: Computed RadiographyOverviewImage AcquisitionImage ProcessingImage DisplayCR Technical Factors SelectionChapter 22: Digital Radiography/Flat-Panel Detector SystemsFlat-Panel Detector TypesImage Acquisition, Processing, and DisplayFlat-Panel Technology FeaturesDR Panel PrecautionsChapter 23: Technical Considerations in Digital ImagingEffective use of Digital ImagingDigital Exposure ConsiderationsDigital Processing ConsiderationsDigital Post-Processing ConsiderationsDigital Imaging ArtifactsChapter 24: Informatics in Medical ImagingIntroductionInformaticsInformatics StandardsComputers and NetworksDisplay and ArchivesStorageWorkflowSecurityUnit V: Analyzing the ImageChapter 25: The Imaging ProcessThe Imaging ProcessProfessional Imaging StandardsThe Analytical ProcessAcceptance LimitsChapter 26: Image Receptor ExposureDefining IR ExposureAssessing IR ExposureEffects on Image AppearanceFactors Affecting IR ExposureChapter 27: ContrastDefining ContrastAssessing ContrastImage ContrastEvaluating ContrastChapter 28: Spatial ResolutionDefining Spatial ResolutionAssessing ResolutionEffects on Image AppearanceFactors Affecting Spatial ResolutionChapter 29: DistortionDefining DistortionAssessing DistortionFactors Affecting Size DistortionFactors Affecting Shape DistortionEffect on Image AppearanceChapter 30: The Art of Image CritiqueImplementing Imaging StandardsIdentifying an Imaging ProblemAn Effective Image Critique MethodApplying the Image Critique MethodChapter 31: Quality ManagementQuality Assurance and Quality ControlPurchasing EquipmentMonitoring Equipment PerformanceAncillary EquipmentPACS SystemsRejected Image AnalysisTroubleshootingUnit VI: Special Imaging Systems and ModalitiesCHAPTER 32: Mobile RadiographyMobile RadiographySpecial Patient ConsiderationsSpecial Radiation Protection ConsiderationsTypes of EquipmentSpecial Technical Factor Selection ConsiderationsCHAPTER 33: FluoroscopyHistorical DevelopmentFluoroscopy UsesTypes of EquipmentFluoroscopic X-Ray TubesImage Intensification TubesImage QualityVideo Viewing SystemsDigital FluoroscopyFlat-Panel Fluoroscopy DesignsRecording the Fluoroscopic ImageMobile Fluoroscopic EquipmentRadiation Protection During FluoroscopyCHAPTER 34: Tomography and Digital TomosynthesisThe Tomographic PrincipleTomographic QualityTypes of MotionDigital TomosynthesisTomographic ProceduresCHAPTER 35: MammographyHistorical DevelopmentGenerator CharacteristicsX-Ray TubeAccessoriesResolutionDigital MammographyQuality ControlCHAPTER 36: Bone DensitometryBone DensitometryHistory and OverviewBone ScienceOsteoporosisWHO Diagnostic CriteriaDXA Principles and InstrumentationScan Acquisition and AnalysisFemurSpineForearmQuality ControlRadiation Safety and ProtectionCHAPTER 37: Vascular Imaging EquipmentVascular Imaging HistoryDigital Image AcquisitionModes of Digital Image AcquisitionImage Post-ProcessingC-Arm AssemblyVascular Imaging TablesContrast Medium Injection DevicesQuality ControlCHAPTER 38: Computed TomographyComputed Tomography ScanningThe Invention of Computed TomographyScanner GenerationsThe Components of a Ct UnitCt Numbers (Hounsfield Units)Image ReconstructionImage QualityScanning ProceduresAdvanced CT ApplicationsArtifactsRadiation ProtectionCHAPTER 39: Magnetic Resonance ImagingHistoryInstrumentationMri PhysicsMriMr SafetyCHAPTER 40: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular ImagingNuclear PhysicsRadioactive DecayRadiochemistry and RadiopharmaceuticalsImaging InstrumentationPositron Emission Tomography (Pet)Hybrid ImagingNonimaging InstrumentationRadiation ProtectionClinical ApplicationsHybrid ImagingCHAPTER 41: Radiation TherapyHistorical OverviewConsultationTreatment PlanningTreatmentSpecialized Treatments and UnitsCHAPTER 42: Diagnostic Medical SonographyIntroductionSound WavesAttenuationRangeFieldDopplerHarmonicsContrast AgentsTransducer and ComponentsInstrumentationAppendix A: On a New Kind of Rays by W. C. RöntgenAppendix B: Fixed and Variable kVp Technique System ChartsAppendix C: Answers to Case StudiesAppendix D: Epigraph Sources and CreditsGlossaryIndex