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- Full title: Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry, 12th Edition
- Edition: 12th
- Copyright year: 2020
- Publisher: Cengage Learning
- Author: Frederick A. Bettelheim; William H. Brown; Mary K. Campbell
- ISBN: 9780357391594, 9780357119303
- Format: PDF
Description of Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry, 12th Edition:
INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 12th Edition, provides health science students with a strong focus on current issues, a pedagogically rich framework, a wide variety of medical and biological applications, a visually dynamic art program, and exceptionally strong and varied practice and end-of-chapter problems. Revised and updated throughout, this edition now includes new content, new and updated Chemical Connections, new and revised problems, and more. Most end-of-chapter problems are available in the OWLv2 online learning solution.Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Table of Contents of Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry, 12th Edition PDF ebook:
Contents in BriefContentsPrefaceAbout the CoverHealth-Related TopicsChapter 1: Matter, Energy, and Measurement1.1 Chemistry and the Study of Matter1.2 The Scientific Method1.3 Reporting Numbers in Science1.4 Making Measurements1.5 Unit Conversions1.6 States of Matter1.7 Density and Specific Gravity1.8 Describing the Various Forms of EnergyChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 2: Atoms2.1 Composition of Matter2.2 Classifying Matter2.3 Postulates of Dalton’s Atomic Theory2.4 Composition of Atoms2.5 The Periodic Table2.6 Arrangement of Electrons in an Atom2.7 Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table2.8 Periodic PropertiesChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 3: Chemical Bonds3.1 The Octet Rule3.2 Naming Anions and Cations3.3 The Two Major Types of Chemical Bonds3.4 An Ionic Bond3.5 Naming Ionic Compounds3.6 A Covalent Bond3.7 Naming Binary Covalent Compounds3.8 Resonance3.9 Predicting Bond Angles in Covalent Molecules3.10 Determining If a Molecule Is PolarChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Energy Calculations4.1 The Chemical Reaction4.2 Balancing Chemical Equations4.3 Predicting Whether Ions in Aqueous Solution Will React with Each Other4.4 Oxidation and Reduction Reactions4.5 Formula Weights and Molecular Weights4.6 The Mole and Calculating Mass Relationships4.7 Calculating Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions4.8 Describing Heat and the Ways in Which It Is Transferred4.9 Heat of ReactionChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 5: Gases, Liquids, and Solids5.1 Introduction to the Three States of Matter5.2 Gas Pressure and Measurements5.3 The Behavior of Gases5.4 Avogadro’s Law and the Ideal Gas Law5.5 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures5.6 The Kinetic Molecular Theory5.7 Types of Intermolecular Attractive Forces5.8 The Behavior of Liquids at the Molecular LevelChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 6: Solutions and Colloids6.1 Introduction to Mixtures6.2 The Most Common Types of Solutions6.3 The Distinguishing Characteristics of Solutions6.4 Factors Affecting Solubility6.5 The Most Common Units for Concentration6.6 Water as a Good Solvent6.7 Colloids6.8 Colligative PropertiesChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 7: Reaction Rates and Chemical Equilibrium7.1 Measuring Reaction Rates7.2 Molecular Collisions and Reactions7.3 Activation Energy and Reaction Rate7.4 Rate of a Chemical Reaction7.5 Equilibrium7.6 The Equilibrium Constant7.7 Le Chatelier’s PrincipleChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 8: Acids and Bases8.1 Acids and Bases8.2 Defining the Strength of Acids and Bases8.3 Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs8.4 The Position of Equilibriumin an Acid-Base Reaction8.5 Acid Ionization Constants8.6 Properties of Acids and Bases8.7 Acidic and Basic Properties of Pure Water8.8 pH and pOH8.9 Using Titrations to Calculate Concentration8.10 Buffers8.11 Calculating the pH of a Buffer8.12 TRIS, HEPES, and Other Biochemical BuffersChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 9: Nuclear Chemistry9.1 Discovery of Radioactivity9.2 Defining Radioactivity9.3 Nucleus and Radioactivity9.4 Nuclear Half-Life9.5 Detecting and Measuring Nuclear Radiation9.6 Radiation Dosimetry and Human Health9.7 Nuclear Medicine9.8 Nuclear Fusion9.9 Nuclear Fission and Atomic EnergyChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 10: Organic Chemistry10.1 Introduction to Organic Chemistry10.2 Obtaining Organic Compounds10.3 Writing Structural Formulas of Organic Compounds10.4 Functional GroupsChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 11: Alkanes11.1 Introduction to Alkanes11.2 Writing Structural Formulas of Alkanes11.3 Constitutional Isomers11.4 Naming Alkanes11.5 Obtaining Alkanes11.6 Cycloalkanes11.7 Shapes of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes11.8 Cis-Trans Isomerism in Cycloalkanes11.9 Physical Properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes11.10 Characteristic Reactions of Alkanes11.11 Some Important HaloalkanesChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 12: Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds12.1 Introduction to Alkenes and Alkynes12.2 Structures of Alkenes and Alkynes12.3 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes12.4 Physical Properties of Alkenes and Alkynes12.5 Characteristic Reactions of Alkenes12.6 Important Polymerization Reactions of Ethylene and Substituted Ethylenes12.7 Structure of Benzene12.8 Naming Aromatic Compounds12.9 Reactions of Benzene and Its Derivatives12.10 PhenolsChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 13: Alcohols, Ethers, and Thiols13.1 Structures, Names, and Physical Properties of Alcohols13.2 Characteristic Reactions of Alcohols13.3 Structures, Names, and Physical Properties of Ethers13.4 Structures, Names, and Physical Properties of Thiols13.5 Commercially Important AlcoholsChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 14: Chirality: The Handedness of Molecules14.1 Enantiomerism14.2 Specifying the Configuration of a Stereocenter14.3 Possible Stereoisomers for Molecules with Two or More Stereocenters14.4 Optical Activity and Chirality in the Laboratory14.5 Significance of Chirality in the Biological WorldChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 15: Amines15.1 Structure of Amines15.2 Names of Amines15.3 Physical Properties of Amines15.4 Basicity of Amines15.5 Characteristic Reactions of AminesChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 16: Aldehydes and Ketones16.1 Aldehydes and Ketones16.2 Naming Aldehydes and Ketones16.3 Physical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones16.4 Characteristic Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones16.5 Keto-Enol TautomerismChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 17: Carboxylic Acids17.1 Carboxylic Acids17.2 Names of Carboxylic Acids17.3 Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids17.4 Soaps and Detergents17.5 Characteristic Reactions of Carboxylic AcidsChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 18: Carboxylic Anhydrides, Esters, and Amides18.1 Carboxylic Anhydrides, Esters, and Amides18.2 Preparation of Esters18.3 Preparation of Amides18.4 Characteristic Reactions of Anhydrides, Esters, and Amides18.5 Phosphoric Anhydrides and Phosphoric Esters18.6 Step-Growth PolymerizationChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 19: Carbohydrates19.1 Monosaccharides: The Simplest Carbohydrates19.2 Cyclic Structures of Monosaccharides19.3 Characteristic Reactions of Monosaccharides19.4 Disaccharides and Oligosaccharides19.5 Polysaccharides19.6 Acidic PolysaccharidesChapter SummarySummary of Key ReactionsProblemsChapter 20: Lipids20.1 Importance of Lipids20.2 Fatty Acids20.3 Triglyceride Structure20.4 Properties of Triglycerides20.5 Structures of Complex Lipids20.6 Lipids and Membrane Structure20.7 Glycerophospholipids20.8 Sphingolipids20.9 Glycolipids20.10 Steroids20.11 Physiological Roles of Steroid Hormones20.12 Bile Salts20.13 Prostaglandins, Thromboxanes, and Leukotrienes20.14 Molecular Transport across MembranesChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 21: Proteins21.1 The Many Functions of Proteins21.2 Amino Acids21.3 Amino Acids Exist as Zwitterions21.4 Amino Acids Combine to Form Proteins21.5 Amino Acid Characteristics21.6 Uncommon Amino Acids21.7 Protein Properties21.8 Protein Primary Structure21.9 Protein Secondary Structure21.10 Protein Tertiary Structure21.11 Protein Quaternary Structure21.12 Protein DenaturationChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 22: Enzymes22.1 Enzymes are Biological Catalysts22.2 Enzyme Nomenclature22.3 Enzyme Activity22.4 Enzyme Mechanisms22.5 Enzyme Regulation22.6 Enzymes in MedicineChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 23: Chemical Communications: Neurotransmitters and Hormones23.1 Cells Communicate in Many Ways23.2 Neurotransmitters and Hormones23.3 Cholinergic Messengers23.4 Amino Acid Neurotransmitters23.5 Adrenergic Messengers23.6 Peptides in Chemical Communications23.7 Steroid Hormone Messengers23.8 Drugs Affect Chemical CommunicationsChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 24: Nucleotides, Nucleic Acids, and Heredity24.1 DNA and RNA are the Molecules of Heredity24.2 Nucleic Acids24.3 The Structure of DNA and RNA24.4 RNA Types24.5 Genes24.6 Medical Applications of RNA24.7 DNA Replication24.8 DNA AmplificationChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 25: Gene Expression and Protein Synthesis25.1 DNA Leads to RNA and Protein25.2 Transcription of DNA25.3 Translation of RNA25.4 The Genetic Code25.5 Protein Synthesis25.6 Gene Regulation25.7 DNA Mutations25.8 DNA Manipulation25.9 Gene Therapy25.10 EpigeneticsChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 26: Bioenergetics: How the Body Converts Food to Energy26.1 The Nature of Metabolism26.2 Mitochondria and Their Role in Metabolism26.3 The Principal Compounds of Catabolic Pathways26.4 The Citric Acid Cycle and in Metabolism26.5 Electron and H+ Transport26.6 The Chemiosmotic Pump and ATP Production26.7 Energy Yield from Aerobic Metabolism26.8 Conversion of Chemical Energy to Other FormsChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 27: Specific Catabolic Pathways: Carbohydrate, Lipid, and Protein Metabolism27.1 The General Outline of Catabolic Pathway27.2 The Reactions of Glycolysis27.3 The Energy Yield from Glucose Catabolism27.4 Glycerol Catabolism27.5 B-Oxidation of Fatty Acids27.6 The Energy Yield from Stearic Acid Catabolism27.7 Ketone Bodies27.8 Nitrogen Processing in Amino Acid Catabolism27.9 Carbon Skeleton Processing in Amino Acid CatabolsimChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 28: Biosynthetic Pathways28.1 The General Outline of Biosynthetic Pathways28.2 Biosynthesis of Carbohydrates28.3 Biosynthesis of Fatty Acids28.4 Biosynthesis of Membrane Lipids28.5 Biosynthesis of Amino AcidsChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 29: Nutrition29.1 Nutritional Guidelines29.2 Counting Calories29.3 Carbohydrate Digestion29.4 Fat Digestion29.5 Protein Digestion29.6 The Importance of Vitamins, Minerals, and WaterChapter SummaryProblemsChapter 30: Immunochemistry30.1 The Body’s Defense against Invasion30.2 Organs and Cells of the Immune System30.3 Antigens Stimulate the Immune System30.4 Immunoglobulins30.5 T Cells and T-Cell Receptors30.6 Immunization30.7 Distinguishing “Self” from “Nonself”30.8 The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDSChapter SummaryProblemsAppendix I: Exponential NotationAppendix II: Significant FiguresAnswersGlossaryIndex