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- Full title: Empowerment Series: Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs, Enhanced, 4th Edition
- Edition: 4th
- Copyright year: 2020
- Publisher: Cengage Learning
- Author: Elizabeth A. Segal
- ISBN: 9781305977716, 9781305977716
- Format: PDF
Description of Empowerment Series: Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs, Enhanced, 4th Edition:
Segal’s EMPOWERMENT SERIES: SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND SOCIAL PROGRAMS, ENHANCED, 4th Edition not only enables you to identify, describe, and analyze social welfare policies–it also draws you into an examination of the values and beliefs that drive our social welfare system. The author demonstrates how the myriad values of diverse groups in America have influenced current policies, and shows that analysis takes place through the lens of these often opposing values. Strategies for how these policy insights can be applied to influence the policy-making process are also presented. The dual themes of critical thinking and critical evaluation provide the framework of the book, and Segal’s inclusion of international perspectives on values around social welfare policies and social programs heightens your awareness of the global implications of social work around the world.Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Table of Contents of Empowerment Series: Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs, Enhanced, 4th Edition PDF ebook:
Front MatterPrefaceNEW TO THE FOURTH EDITIONPART I Understanding Social WelfareChapter 1 Social Welfare Policy and Underlying ValuesWHAT IS SOCIAL WELFARE?WHY STUDY SOCIAL WELFARE?PREMISES FOR STUDYING SOCIAL WELFAREEach Person Is a Part of the Social Welfare SystemFIGURE 1.1 Social Welfare SystemProvision of Social Welfare ServicesApproaches to the Provision of Social WelfareResidual Versus Institutional ApproachesUniversal Versus Selective Provision of ServicesBlending Social Welfare Policy ApproachesFIGURE 1.2 Social Welfare Policy BlendHow Are People Involved? Public and Private EffortsWHY DO WE HAVE A SOCIAL WELFARE SYSTEM?VALUES AND BELIEFS AS THE CORNERSTONE OF SOCIAL WELFARE IN AMERICAReligious ValuesPersonal ValuesSocial ValuesCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFS IN SOCIAL WELFARE POLICYFIGURE 1.3 Conflicting BeliefsUndeserving Versus DeservingPersonal Failure Versus System FailureIndividual Responsibility Versus Social ResponsibilityIndividual Change Versus Social ChangeSelf-Sufficiency Versus Social SupportEntitlement Versus HandoutAid to Those We Know Versus Aid to StrangersReligious and Faith-Based Practice Versus Separation of Church and StateCrisis Response Versus PreventionSympathy Versus EmpathyTrust Versus SuspicionRationality Versus EmotionsVALUES AND BELIEFS GUIDE POLICY MAKINGFIGURE 1.4 Beliefs Supporting General ValuesFIGURE 1.5 Conflicting Beliefs that Support or Oppose Government InterventionCHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS AND THE NEED FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICIES AND PROGRAMSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 2 Historical Foundations of Social Welfare in AmericaCOLONIAL PERIOD (1690-1800)Impact of the Colonial PeriodConflicting Beliefs of the Colonial PeriodPRE-CIVIL WAR PERIOD (1800-1860)Impact of the Pre-Civil War PeriodConflicting Beliefs of the Pre-Civil War PeriodCIVIL WAR AND POSTWAR PERIOD (1861-1874)Impact of the Civil War and Postwar PeriodConflicting Beliefs of the Civil War and Postwar PeriodPROGRESSIVE ERA (1875-1925)Charity Organization SocietiesSettlement MovementImpact of the Progressive EraConflicting Beliefs of the Progressive EraTHE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL (1925-1940)Impact of the Great Depression and New Deal EraConflicting Beliefs of the Great Depression and New Deal EraWORLD WAR II AND THE POSTWAR ERA (1940-1960)Impact of World War II and the Postwar EraConflicting Beliefs of the World War II Era and the Postwar EraSOCIAL REFORM (1960s-1970s)Impact of the Social Reform PeriodConflicting Beliefs of the Social Reform PeriodRETRENCHMENT: SOCIAL WELFARE PULLBACK STARTING IN THE 1970s AND THROUGH THE 1990sImpact of the Retrenchment YearsConflicting Beliefs of the Retrenchment YearsTHE NEW CENTURYTragic Events Trigger Policy ChangesSocial Needs Emerge and Gain AttentionImpact of the Early Years of the New CenturyConflicting Beliefs of the New CenturyFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 3 Conceptual Foundations of Social Welfare PolicyFIGURE 3.1 Paradigms, Theories, and IdeologiesIDEOLOGIES OF THE SOCIAL WELFARE SYSTEMCause and FunctionBlaming the VictimThe Culture of Poverty and the UnderclassConservative and Liberal Political PerspectivesBiological DeterminismSocial Welfare Services as a RightTHEORIES OF THE EVOLUTION OF THE SOCIAL WELFARE SYSTEMIndustrialization and the Social Welfare SystemCycles of HistorySocial ControlElite Power TheoryEconomics as a Determinant of Social Welfare PolicyCritical TheoryPostindustrialization and GlobalizationPARADIGMS OF THE SOCIAL WELFARE SYSTEMSocial ConstructionCritical AnalysisModels of JusticeStrengths-Based ModelSocial EmpathySocial Work Professional ParadigmCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFS AND THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICYFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 4 Analyzing and Researching Social Welfare PoliciesWHAT IS POLICY ANALYSIS?THE DYNAMICS OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY DEVELOPMENTRationalism in Policy MakingIncrementalism in Policy MakingWindow of Opportunity in Policy MakingMagnitude in Policy MakingImplementation of PoliciesStreet-Level BureaucratsCritical Analysis of Social Welfare PolicyHOW IS SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY CREATED?Congress and How Laws Are MadeExecutive OrdersJudicial ProcessState and Local GovernanceTribal GovernanceThe Impact of Multiple Levels of GovernmentMODELS OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY ANALYSISPolicy Analysis in GeneralUsing Critical Theory as a Foundation for Social Welfare Policy AnalysisThe Impact of Values and Beliefs on Social Welfare PolicyFIGURE 4.1 Model for Critical Social Welfare Policy AnalysisSocial Welfare Policy and the Political ArenaTHE DYNAMICS OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY: APPLICATION OF THE MODELCritical Theory Policy Analysis Model AppliedTwo Examples: Immigration and Welfare ReformImmigrationWelfare ReformImpact of Values and BeliefsSOCIAL WELFARE POLICY RESEARCHData and Statistics SourcesGovernment AgenciesGovernment Research SourcesLEGISLATIVE INFORMATIONAdvocacy GroupsState and Local SourcesFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 5 The Delivery of Social Welfare ServicesTHE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICESHistory of Social WorkProfessional Contributions of the Charity Organization Societies and Settlement MovementCharity Organization SocietiesSettlement MovementPUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROVIDERS OF SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICESGovernment RolesFederal GovernmentState GovernmentsLocal GovernmentsTribal GovernmentsShould the Federal Government Provide Social Services?The Invisibility of the Federal GovernmentPrivate AgenciesNonprofit OrganizationsFor-Profit OrganizationsFORMS OF SOCIAL WELFARE ASSISTANCEPublic Assistance and Social InsuranceCash Assistance ProgramsIn-Kind Benefit ProgramsVouchersEntitlementSocial InvestmentEconomic DevelopmentCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesPART II Critical Concerns That Affect All Arenas of Social WelfareChapter 6 Social Justice and Civil RightsBARRIERS TO SOCIAL JUSTICE AND CIVIL RIGHTSTHE CONSTITUTION: CORNERSTONE OF CIVIL RIGHTSTHE HISTORY OF VOTING RIGHTS IN THE UNITED STATESVoting Rights for African American MenVoting Rights for WomenVoting Rights for Indigenous People and Policies of ExclusionMexican Immigration and Latino Voting RightsPROTECTION FROM DISCRIMINATION AND OPPRESSIONProtection from RacismHate Crimes LegislationAffirmative ActionWomen’s RightsEqual Rights AmendmentEquality in Education: Title IXThe Abortion ControversyViolence against WomenEmployment ProtectionThe Rights of People with DisabilitiesLesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transcender RightsNative Americans and Civil RightsCivil Rights and ImmigrationCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 7 Poverty and Economic InequalityDEFINING POVERTY AND ECONOMIC NEEDMeasures of PovertyFIGURE 7.1 Distributions for Cost of Living ExpensesHow Many People Are Poor?Who Are the Poor?The Working PoorWomen and PovertyChildren and PovertyRace and PovertyHomeless PeopleWhat Causes Poverty?ANTIPOVERTY POLICIES AND PROGRAMSPrograms to Ensure Economic StabilityTemporary Assistance for Needy FamiliesSupplemental Security IncomeEarned Income Tax CreditMinimum WagePrograms Providing In-Kind SupportSupplemental Nutrition and Assistance ProgramSupplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and ChildrenPublic HousingRelative Poverty and Feelings of Economic DeclineCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSUndeserving Versus DeservingPersonal Failure Versus System FailureSelf-Sufficiency Versus Social SupportThose We Know Versus Those Who Are StrangersSympathy Versus EmpathyFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 8 Economics, Employment Budgets, and TaxesIDEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOCIAL WORK AND ECONOMICSCompetitive MarketplaceCost/Benefit EmphasisMathematical CalculationsBENEFITS FROM UNDERSTANDING ECONOMICSKEY ECONOMIC CONCEPTS AND FACTORSThe Economic MarketplaceThe Multiplier EffectGovernment Spending and the Multiplier EffectEmployment and UnemploymentTypes of UnemploymentEffects of UnemploymentImpact of Race and Gender on Employment and Economic Well-BeingEmployment and Job CreationTaxesMAJOR ECONOMIC SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS TIED TO ECONOMIC CONDITIONSUnemployment InsuranceMinimum WageEarned Income Tax CreditIMPACT OF THE FEDERAL BUDGET ON SOCIAL WELFARE POLICYWhat Is the Federal Budget?What Are Federal Budget Surpluses and Deficits?Consequences of the DeficitBudget PrioritiesCORPORATE AMERICACHANGES IN THE WORKFORCETHE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF HOUSING AND MORTGAGESCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesPART III Key Social Welfare Policies and ProgramsChapter 9 Social InsuranceWHAT IS SOCIAL INSURANCE?History of Social SecurityTHE TWOFOLD PURPOSE OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACTSocial InsurancePublic AssistanceHow the OASDI Program WorksPublic Perceptions of Social SecurityHow Important Is Social Security?Limitations of Social SecurityChances in the Social Security ProgramTHE FUTURE OF SOCIAL SECURITYSolvency of the Trust FundPrivatization of Social SecurityCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 10 Aging and Social Welfare PolicyHISTORY OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICIES RELATED TO AGINGSERVICES FOR PROMOTING AND PROTECTING ELDERLY PEOPLEOlder Americans Act of 1965Protective Services for Elderly PeopleAce Discrimination in Employment ActFINANCIAL SECURITYIncome Assistance: Supplemental Security IncomeRetirement SecuritySocial SecurityPensionsPrivate SavingsEmployment after RetirementVariability in Financial Security by Race and GenderHEALTH CARE FOR AN AGING POPULATIONHealth ExpensesMedicareLong-Term CareMedicaidTypes of Carecivinc and CaregiversPOLITICAL POWERVotingIntercenerational Relations: Conflict or Cooperation?CONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 11 Children and FamiliesOVERVIEW OF CURRENT CONDITIONSTHE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEMHISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILD AND FAMILY POLICYThe Progressive EraThe Great Depression and the New DealThe War on PovertyThe 1970s and Child ProtectionThe 1980s and 1990s: Welfare Reform and Preserving FamiliesThe New MillenniumMAJOR FEDERAL PROGRAMS PROVIDING AID AND SERVICES TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIESIncome AssistanceTemporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)Child Support EnforcementFood and NutritionHealth CareMedicaidChildren’s Health Insurance ProgramMaternal Health CareChild Protective ServicesAbuse and Neglect/MaltreatmentFoster Care and AdoptionEducationChildren with DisabilitiesHead StartNo Child Left Behind ProgramEmerging Social ConcernsCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 12 Health Care PolicyHISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF HEALTH CARE POLICY IN THE UNITED STATESMedicare and MedicaidCOBRAProposals for National Health InsuranceCHIPExpansion of MedicarePrescription Drug CoverageExpanded Coverage and the Affordable Care ActHISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE POLICY IN THE UNITED STATESMAJOR HEALTH PROGRAMSMedicareMedicaidCHIPThe Affordable Care ActImmunizationDisability InsuranceSupplemental Security IncomeCommunity Mental Health CentersEMERGING HEALTH CARE DELIVERY CONCERNSLack of Health Insurance CoverageHigh Cost of Medical CareHealth Insurance ExchangesManaged CareHEALTH CONDITIONS OF CONCERNHIV Infection and AIDSIncidence of HIV Infection and AIDSSocial Policy EffortsAlcohol and Illegal DrugsAlzheimer’s DiseaseDiabetesObesityHealth Needs of VeteransGlobal Transmission of DiseaseCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesPART IV Building on Our Knowledge of Social Welfare Policy and Social ProgramsChapter 13 United States Social Welfare Policies and International ComparisonsFORCED RELOCATION AND ENSLAVEMENTIMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEESGLOBALIZATIONBORDER POLICIES BETWEEN MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATESHOW DOES THE UNITED STATES COMPARE WITH OTHER NATIONS?Social Welfare Policies Supporting WorkSocial Welfare and HealthHealth Care SpendingThe Globalization of DiseasesSocial Security ProgramsPovertyClimate and Natural DisastersInternational RelationsCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFSFINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesChapter 14 Policy Practice and the Impact of Social Welfare PolicyHOW IMPORTANT IS SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY TO SOCIAL WORKERS?THE POWER OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICYAddressing Racial DiscriminationAddressing Gender DiscriminationSecuring RetirementEnsuring Public SafetyProviding Public EducationLIMITATIONS OF SOCIAL WELFARE POLICYPOLICY PRACTICEThe Influence of Advocacy GroupsClean ElectionsThe Power of VotingBallot InitiativesAdvocacyGetting One’s Voice HeardLobbyingLetter WritingEmailTelephone CallsOrganized Letter-Writing CampaignsIn-Person MeetingsTown Halls or Community MeetingsElectronic Communication and OrganizingSocial ActionCONFLICTING VALUES AND BELIEFS: WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?Social EmpathyHow Do We Build Social Empathy?FINAL THOUGHTSKey TermsQuestions for DiscussionExercisesReferencesBack MatterGlossaryIndex