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- Full title: American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials, Enhanced, 19th Edition
- Edition: 19th
- Copyright year: 2020
- Publisher: Cengage Learning
- Author: Barbara A. Bardes; Mack C. Shelley; Steffen W. Schmidt
- ISBN: 9780357028582, 9780357028582
- Format: PDF
Description of American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials, Enhanced, 19th Edition:
Bardes/Shelley/Schmidt’s American Government and Politics Today, The Essentials, Enhanced 19th Edition, equips you with the tools and insight to become an active, informed citizen. Making politics personal, it focuses on how government impacts you–now and in the future. Unbiased, concisely organized and updated with Election 2018 analysis, it delivers thorough coverage in a streamlined, easy-to-read format that is packed with thought-provoking examples. Emphasizing the importance of participating in active citizenship, the book teaches you how to think critically about political issues as well as how to get involved in the political process. Hands-on activities help you figure out where you stand on key issues so you can put your views into action.Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Table of Contents of American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials, Enhanced, 19th Edition PDF ebook:
BRIEF ContentsDetailed ContentsPart 1: The American SystemChapter 1: the Democratic republicPolitics and GovernmentGovernment Is EverywhereWhy Is Government Necessary?Limiting Government PowerAuthority and LegitimacyDemocracy and Other Forms of GovernmentTypes of GovernmentDirect Democracy as a ModelThe Dangers of Direct DemocracyA Democratic RepublicWhat Kind of Democracy Do We Have?Fundamental ValuesLiberty versus OrderLiberty versus EqualityThe Proper Size of GovernmentPolitical IdeologiesConservatismLiberalismThe Traditional Political SpectrumProblems with the Traditional Political SpectrumA Four-Cornered Ideological GridOne Nation, DividedThe Changing Face of AmericaThe End of the Population ExplosionEthnic Change in AmericaAre We Better Off?Chapter 2: the ConstitutionThe Colonial BackgroundSeparatists, the Mayflower, and the CompactMore Colonies, More GovernmentBritish Restrictions and Colonial ReactionsThe First Continental CongressThe Second Continental CongressAn Independent ConfederationThe Resolution for IndependenceJuly 4, 1776The Declaration of IndependenceThe Rise of RepublicanismThe Articles of Confederation: Our First Form of GovernmentThe Constitutional ConventionWho Were the Delegates?The Working EnvironmentFactions among the DelegatesPoliticking and CompromisesWorking toward Final AgreementThe Final DocumentThe Difficult Road to RatificationThe Federalists Push for RatificationThe March to the FinishDid the Majority of Americans Support the Constitution?The Bill of RightsAltering the ConstitutionThe Formal Amendment ProcessInformal Methods of Constitutional ChangeChapter 3: FederalismFederalism and Its AlternativesA Unitary SystemA Confederal SystemA Federal SystemWhy Federalism?Arguments against FederalismThe Constitutional Basis for American FederalismPowers of the National GovernmentPowers of the State GovernmentsProhibited PowersConcurrent PowersThe Supremacy ClauseInterstate RelationsDefining Constitutional Powersthe Early YearsMcCulloch v. Maryland (1819)Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)States’ Rights and the Resort to Civil WarThe Continuing Dispute over the Division of PowerDual FederalismThe New Deal and Cooperative FederalismMethods of Implementing Cooperative FederalismFiscal Federalism and State BudgetsThe Politics of FederalismWhat Has National Authority Accomplished?The “New Federalism”The Politics of Federalism TodayFederalism and the Supreme CourtRecent Supreme Court RulingsPart 2: Civil Rights and LibertiesChapter 4: Civil libertiesThe Constitutional Bases of Our LibertiesProtections Listed in the Original ConstitutionExtending the Bill of Rights to State GovernmentsIncorporation under the Fourteenth AmendmentFreedom of ReligionThe Separation of Church and State The Establishment ClauseThe Free Exercise ClauseFreedom of ExpressionNo Prior RestraintThe Protection of Symbolic SpeechThe Protection of Commercial SpeechAttempts to Ban Subversive or Advocacy SpeechThe Eclipse of Obscenity as a Legal CategoryUnprotected Speech: SlanderStudent SpeechThe Right to Assemble and to Petition the GovernmentFreedom of the PressThe Right to PrivacyPrivacy Rights and AbortionPrivacy Rights and the “Right to Die”Civil Liberties versus Security IssuesThe USA Patriot ActRoving WiretapsNational Security Agency SurveillanceSubsequent Revelations of NSA ActivityNational Security and the Civil Liberties of ImmigrantsThe Great Balancing Act: The Rights of the Accused versus the Rights of SocietyRights of the AccusedExtending the Rights of the AccusedThe Exclusionary RuleThe Death PenaltyChapter 5: Civil rightsThe African American Experience and the Civil Rights MovementEnding ServitudeThe Ineffectiveness of the Early Civil Rights LawsThe End of the Separate-but-Equal DoctrineDe Jure and De Facto SegregationThe Civil Rights MovementModern Civil Rights LegislationConsequences of Civil Rights LegislationCivil Rights and the CourtsStandards for Judicial ReviewThe Courts Address Affirmative ActionExperiences of Other Minority GroupsLatinos and the Immigration IssueThe Agony of the American IndianAsian AmericansLingering Social and Economic DisparitiesWomen’s Struggle for Equal RightsEarly Women’s Political MovementsThe Modern Women’s MovementWomen in Politics TodayGender-Based Discrimination in the WorkplaceThe Rights and Status of Gay Males and LesbiansGrowth in the Gay Male and Lesbian Rights MovementState and Local Laws Targeting Gay Men and Lesbians”Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”Same-Sex MarriageThe Rights of Transgender IndividualsThe Rights and Status of JuvenilesVoting Rights and the YoungThe Rights of Children in Civil and Criminal ProceedingsPart 3: People and PoliticsChapter 6: Public Opinion and Political SocializationPublic Opinion and Political SocializationConsensus and Divided OpinionForming Public Opinion: Political SocializationThe Media and Public OpinionPolitical Events and Public OpinionPolitical Preferences and Voting BehaviorParty Identification and Demographic InfluencesElection-Specific FactorsMeasuring Public OpinionThe History of Opinion PollsSampling TechniquesThe Difficulty of Obtaining Accurate ResultsAdditional Problems with PollsTechnology and Opinion PollsPublic Opinion and the Political ProcessPolitical Culture andPublic OpinionPublic Opinion about GovernmentPublic Opinion and PolicymakingA Policy Example: Contraception InsuranceChapter 7: Interest GroupsInterest Group FundamentalsInterest Groups and Social MovementsWhy Do Americans Join Interest Groups?Types of Interest GroupsEconomic Interest GroupsEnvironmental GroupsPublic-Interest GroupsOther Interest GroupsThe Influence of Interest GroupsWhat Makes an Interest Group Powerful?Interest Groups and Representative DemocracyInterest Groups and the Political PartiesInterest Group StrategiesDirect TechniquesIndirect TechniquesRegulating LobbyistsThe Results of the 1946 ActThe Reforms of 1995The Reforms of 2007Chapter 8: Political partiesPolitical Parties in the United StatesFunctions of Political Parties in the United StatesThe Three Faces of a PartyThe Party-in-the-ElectorateThe Party OrganizationThe Party-in-GovernmentA History of Political Parties in the United StatesThe Formative Years: Federalists and Anti-FederalistsDemocrats and WhigsThe Civil War CrisisThe Post-Civil War PeriodThe Progressive InterludeThe New Deal EraAn Era of Divided GovernmentThe Two Major U.S. Parties TodayA Series of Wave ElectionsThe Parties’ Core ConstituentsDivisions within the PartiesCultural Politics and Party LoyaltyWhy Has the Two-Party System Endured?The Historical Foundations of the Two-Party SystemPolitical Socialization and Practical ConsiderationsThe Winner-Take-All Electoral SystemState and Federal Laws Favoring the Two PartiesThe Role of Minor Parties in U.S. PoliticsMechanisms of Political ChangeRealignmentDealignmentTippingChapter 9: Campaigns and ElectionsThe Twenty-First-Century CampaignWho Is Eligible?Who Runs?Managing the CampaignFinancing the CampaignThe Evolution of the Campaign Finance SystemThe Current Campaign Finance EnvironmentRunning for President: The Longest CampaignReforming the Presidential PrimariesThe Invisible PrimaryPrimaries and CaucusesFront-Loading the PrimariesOn to the National ConventionThe Electoral CollegeHow Are Elections Conducted?Office-Block and Party-Column BallotsVoting by MailVoting Fraud and Voter ID LawsTurning Out to VoteFactors Influencing Who VotesLegal Restrictions on VotingChapter 10: The MEdiaThe Roles of the MediaEntertaining the PublicReporting the NewsIdentifying Public ProblemsSocializing New GenerationsProviding a Political ForumMaking ProfitsTelevision versus the New MediaThe Media and Political CampaignsTelevision CoverageThe Internet, Blogging, and PodcastingGovernment Regulation of the MediaConcentrated Ownership of the MediaGovernment Control of ContentThe Issue of Net NeutralityOpinion and Bias in the MediaTalk RadioBias in the MediaPart 4: Political InstitutionsChapter 11: The congressThe Nature and Functions of CongressBicameralismThe Lawmaking FunctionThe Representation FunctionThe Oversight FunctionThe Public-Education FunctionThe Conflict-Resolution FunctionThe Powers of CongressHouse-Senate Differences and Congressional PerksSize and RulesDebate and FilibusteringCongresspersons and the Citizenry: A ComparisonPerks and PrivilegesCongressional Elections and ApportionmentCandidates for Congressional ElectionsApportionment of the HouseHow Congress Is OrganizedThe Power of CommitteesCommittees versus the LeadershipTypes of Congressional CommitteesThe Selection of Committee MembersLeadership in the HouseLeadership in the SenateLawmaking and BudgetingThe Lawmaking ProcessHow Much Will the Government Spend?Congress Faces the BudgetBudget Resolutions and CrisesChapter 12: The PresidentWho Can Become President?A “Natural Born Citizen”Presidential CharacteristicsThe Process of Becoming PresidentThe Many Roles of the PresidentHead of StateChief ExecutiveCommander in ChiefChief DiplomatChief LegislatorThe President as Party Chief and SuperpoliticianPresidential PowersEmergency PowersExecutive OrdersExecutive PrivilegeSigning StatementsAbuses of Executive Power and ImpeachmentThe Executive OrganizationThe CabinetThe Executive Office of the PresidentThe Vice PresidencyThe Vice President’s JobPresidential SuccessionChapter 13: The EXECUTIVE BRANCHThe Nature and Scope of the Federal BureaucracyPublic and Private BureaucraciesModels of BureaucracyThe Size of the BureaucracyThe Federal BudgetThe Organization of the Federal BureaucracyCabinet DepartmentsIndependent Executive AgenciesIndependent Regulatory AgenciesGovernment-Controlled CorporationsStaffing the BureaucracyPolitical AppointeesHistory of the Federal Civil ServiceModern Attempts at Bureaucratic ReformSunshine Laws before and after 9/11Privatization, or Contracting OutSaving Costs through E-GovernmentHelping Out the WhistleblowersBureaucrats as Politicians and PolicymakersThe Rulemaking EnvironmentNegotiated RulemakingBureaucrats as PolicymakersCongressional Control of the BureaucracyChapter 14: The courtsSources of American LawThe Common Law TraditionConstitutionsStatutes and Administrative RegulationsCase LawThe Federal Court SystemBasic Judicial RequirementsParties to LawsuitsProcedural RulesTypes of Federal CourtsFederal Courts and the War on TerrorismThe Supreme Court at WorkWhich Cases Reach the Supreme Court?Court ProceduresDecisions and OpinionsThe Selection of Federal JudgesJudicial AppointmentsPartisanship and Judicial AppointmentsPolicymaking and the CourtsJudicial ReviewJudicial Activism and Judicial RestraintStrict versus Broad ConstructionThe Roberts CourtWhat Checks Our Courts?Part 5: Public PolicyChapter 15: Domestic and Economic PolicyThe Policymaking Process: Health Care as an ExampleHealth Care: Agenda BuildingHealth Care: Policy FormulationHealth Care: Policy AdoptionHealth Care: Policy ImplementationHealth Care: Policy EvaluationImmigrationThe Issue of Unauthorized ImmigrationThe Immigration DebateCrime in the TwentyFirst CenturyCrime in American HistoryThe Prison Population BombEnergy and the EnvironmentEnergy IndependenceA Strategic IssueClimate ChangeThe Politics of Economic Decision MakingGood Times, Bad TimesFiscal PolicyDeficit Spending and the Public DebtMonetary PolicyThe Politics of TaxesFederal Income Tax RatesIncome Tax Loopholes and Other Types of TaxesChapter 16: Foreign PolicyFacing the World: Foreign and Defense PoliciesAspects of Foreign PolicyIdealism versus Realism in Foreign PolicyTerrorism and WarfareThe Emergence of TerrorismWars in IraqAfghanistanThe Civil War in Syria and the Rise of ISISU.S. Diplomatic EffortsNuclear WeaponsThe New Power: ChinaIsrael and the PalestiniansEurope’s Economic TroublesWho Makes Foreign Policy?Constitutional Powers of the PresidentOther Sources of Foreign PolicymakingCongress Balances the PresidencyThe Major Foreign Policy ThemesThe Formative Years: Avoiding EntanglementsThe Era of InternationalismSuperpower RelationsAppendicesA The Declaration of IndependenceB The Constitution of the United StatesC Federalist Papers, Nos. 10, 51, & 78D Justices of the United States Supreme Court since 1900E Party Control of Congress since 1904F Presidents of the United StatesGlossaryIndex